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Kirsty

Just a girl with a blog…

Month

January 2016

Radio script and vox pop interviews Tracy 5.2.1 and 5.2.2

I need to add to this: 

Explain what you did to make your vox pop interviews.

Explain how you overcame any problems:

I was not here at the time of creating and recording my question for Vox pops. Next week, I will aim to complete this task by finding a story and creating an open question for this.

The key rules of writing a radio script: 

The Five W’s – You must take into consideration when writing a script;

  • Who
  • What
  • When
  • Where
  • Why

These are the most important parts of writing a script as this is the easiest way to inform in a short and snappy way.

K.I.S.SKeep it short and sweet.

You are trying to entice your listeners while informing and keeping them entertained, if you are overwhelming your listener with information they may not understand, they can become uninterested.

Don’t use abbreviations – Cos (Because) Mins (Minutes) etc…

Abbreviations can be a regional and age limited thing. Some people may not understand what you are saying at this abbreviation may not be used in the region where they live. Adults are also much more likely to speak in a formal tone with full English so may not understand abbreviations compared to teenagers who are likely to understand them more as they are consumed in these cultures where abbreviations are used because of social media. So to keep things easy to understand for everybody, a use of proper English is used.

Don’t use complicated words – Only use them when necessary.

If you are using a variety of complex words, some of your audience (Typically a younger audience) may not understand these words and will find it difficult to understand the news broadcast. Complex words should only be used when explaining something related to the story. For example, educational purposes such as scientific and medical terms.

Improvements to my script –

To improve my script, I changed how I worded a few things for example, in my first story  I changed ‘Fell by 6% after a tax of 10% was introduced’ to ‘after a tax was introduced’ to make it easier to understand for listeners while still informing. I changed a few statistics to basic terms so it was easier to read and less complicated to hear all at once and become confused. I shortened my story even further to only use the basic gist of the story and give the information I need to provide. I did this by making my first sentence of my first story a short and snappy sentence. ‘Will there finally be a sugar tax?’ I also made this a question therefore, readers and listeners and more inclined to be interested and listen to what is being said.

This is my draft script for two stories.

Sound Radio Script Template

 

 

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7.1.1 Issues Related To Media Usage

  1. WHAT ARE SOME OF THE MAIN ISSUES (AREAS OF CONCERN) RELATED TO GENERAL INTERNET USAGE?

1. Addiction to the internet – People are putting their need for the usage of the internet ahead of basic luxuries that have come costumed to us such as the TV, bathtub and car. Because of this addiction, it is damaging peoples relationships and understanding for natural life (without the internet) and (Source) has stated that in Britain 3 out of 5 people are addicted to the internet and that 2 out 5 woman worry about making themselves appear more interesting to their partner.

2.  A lack of privacy – Many people feel like they are being watched online and leaving ‘virtual bread crumbs’ With 70% of people already fearing how much they have shared online. And 1 in 7 teenagers in the US have shared sexual content and had a sexual chat with a real life stranger who could expose you.

3. A flourish in online crime – Since the 1960’s, real life crime has decreased by 60% while online crime has rocketed and is still increasing with crimes varying between copyright and cyber bullying.

4. A plummet in socialization in real life – More people are focusing now on their social lives online than their real relationships online with 2 out of 5 woman worrying about making themselves appear more interesting to their partner than their partner’s smartphone.

What percentage of the World’s population uses these social media websites?

Facebook Statistics:

1.36%

Instagram Statistics:

0.54%

2. WHAT ARE SOME OF THE MAIN ISSUES RELATED TO SOCIAL MEDIA USE?

Mental Illnesses – Because of teenagers being more perceptive and influenced by what they see, when online, mental illnesses are sometimes largely glamourised online and by youth culture (Such as bands) and the amount of time children spend on social media allows these people to soak up this culture and become mentally ill themselves.

Cyberbullying –

 

 

 

Unit 2.1.1 Research Methods

2.1.1 and 2.2.1 Research Methods Evaluation

7.1.1 Website Powerpoint For Shelina

BBC News powerpoint

7.2.1 Website Planning

Here are a few example themes I could use to create my website. These four are popular basic choices used for a website layout. These are: Masonry, Metro. Grid and Column. Screen Shot 2016-01-25 at 10.22.19Screen Shot 2016-01-25 at 10.31.16.png

This is the Masonry theme. This is a very popular choice as it can be used easily on Tablets and Phones because it is like a gallery which is easy to view because of the different sized boxes and scroll down on. It is used on popular social media sites such as Tumblr and Pinterest.

Screen Shot 2016-01-25 at 10.34.33

This is the metro theme. It uses different sized boxes of equal lengths and is similar to masonry. This is a popular choice for people who like variety.

Screen Shot 2016-01-25 at 11.09.10This is the grid theme. This theme is popular for it’s simplicity and efficiency. It is easy to scroll through however, doesn’t have much variety on shapes.

Screen Shot 2016-01-25 at 11.18.17

Finally, this is the column theme. This is the most simplistic of all the themes. It also lacks the most imagination and is difficult to view on tablets and phones as you cannot view as many articles as you could using other themes. This is the theme I am least likely to choose.

Here are a few examples of blogs who use these themes:

Screen Shot 2016-01-25 at 11.31.55

This is the masonry theme as the person’s posts are positioned in different sizes and many are able to be viewed on one page.

Screen Shot 2016-01-25 at 11.35.50

This is an example of a theme that uses columns, less posts can be seen however the posts are much more enlarged and can be viewed easier without clicking further into the post.

Screen Shot 2016-01-25 at 11.41.23.png

This is an example of a metro theme. Commonly used for Windows 8 and other versions of Windows. It is easy to view everything on the page because of the differences in sizes and the most important things being in large boxes while others in smaller ones.

Screen Shot 2016-01-25 at 11.43.50.png

Finally, this is a grid theme, which is good for an organised-looking page while still having a lot of content on the one page. It can also be compact so the menu an be stationed wherever on the page and can be used in many different ways because of it’s versatility.

I believe I will use the masonry theme for my blog as it allows for versatility and many posts to be viewed at once. I can also adapt the style to my liking and looks unique and creative.

Screen Shot 2016-02-01 at 09.23.57

 

This is the home page for the theme I have used (Masonry) with my three templates I am going to be using. My text template, gallery template and video template.

6.1.1 Researching Storyboards

I will be analysing other people’s storyboards for a better understanding of storyboards and inspiration for my own storyboard. I will do this by analysing the shots, text and camera angles.

 

Storyboard

This is a good example of a storyboard. The images are easy to understand and gives a clear indication of what is going on without the text even needed. The storyboard also uses a variety of shots. The images also use arrows which gives a clearer view on what is happening between the characters.

Firstly, the first shot shown is a medium close up shot showing the character,  Charlie’s body from the chest and up. This shows what actions he is doing while also showing his facial expressions. This will be a good camera angle to use as it can show my interviewee’s actions while showing their facial expressions on the subject of choice.

The second shot shows a two-shot of two of the main characters. This allows the audience to get a better view of what the characters in the story can see and who is involved in the situation and making that shot involved. I can use this when filming if I want to show a shot which is more involved and active between two people.

Furthermore, this shot is a OSS or, Over-the-shoulder shot which involves two people and also gives a point-of-view angle from somebody else. This can be used to give the illusion there is more people involved.

Shot four is a close up shot which adds variety and gains the interest of the audience by using a different shot and view point for the viewer. The shot can also add intensity and drama to the scene.

The following shot is zoomed in even more making the shot an extreme close up shot. Because of this shot being an extreme close up before the final shot it gives the illusion that the shot is intense and dramatic and adds to the build up of the story. This is a good technique to use when I film as it adds excitement and variety to a video.

And finally, the last shot goes back to a close up. From the text, you can tell that the story is very intense and the camera shots are clearly used to go along with the story.

Bad Storyboard

This is a bad example of a storyboard. The images aren’t very clear to follow and doesn’t give any directions to make the images clearer to what is happening in the story. Also, because there is no text, it leaves us completely guessing as to what the story is about.  There also isn’t a very large variety of shots used so the video will not be very artistic or interesting for an audience to watch.

 

7.1.1 Website Analysis

100,000 Stars Chromeexperiments

This website is a blog designed to be interactive and show an understanding of the stars that are located in the Milky Way galaxy.

The website feels easy to use because of it being interactive, you can move around the whole bag by zooming, dragging and clicking to find out more on what you want/need to know.

There aren’t many standard features used on this site. There is a description of what the website is and is used for on this website which is commonly done by other websites so that the person visiting the page can know what they are looking and the websites purpose. However, there are not many standard features such as a title, menu, pictures and etc. There is the typical hover text which lights up the text when hovered above to show that when clicked on, it shows more information.

For this website, there are many unique features. This is needed for the unique layout design of the website as it doesn’t have a ‘typical’ layout (Meaning there isn’t a focused title, menu layout or photos) For example, to move around the website there aren’t any selected menus so that you can select the thing you want to know more about. To move around, you must zoom in and drag the screen. Although not very unique, there is also music on the website in the background to give a mood to the website.

There is a lot of text on the website to give descriptions of the stars. It also has a video that shows information on what the website is showing and a closer look at the stars in the Milky Way galaxy through the design of the video. It also has added music in the background and has an interactive feel to the website because you are in control of the website while moving the cursor around and zooming in to get a closer look and description of the thing you are viewing. This is used instead of the typical hyperlinked hover text.

5.1 2 Story Sourcing

http://stakeholders.ofcom.org.uk/binaries/broadcast/guidance/831193/section1.pdfWe will be creating a short, one minute news bulletin exploring audio production technology.

David Bowie: World pays respects after music icon’s death

1.

http://www.itv.com/news/story/2016-01-12/david-bowie-world-pays-respects-after-music-icons-death/ 

This was very recent and a huge international story so this would come first. Because of the huge effect on many people from all around the world who grew up with the legend or was a fan this story would be something very shocking to people and many fans would be eager for the news. I could ask people how the death of the singer has affected them and others around them.

School grades ‘linked to where you live’

2.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news 

Many people will be interesting in knowing why there is a difference between GCSE results depending on the area you live as I believe it will stir a controversial opinion and people will want to know more about the situation. I could interview people telling them the national averages on GCSE results and ask them what they think about the division in better results in the South of England than the North.

 

Does caffeine really make me more alert? 

3.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/z9bcwxs 

Caffeine is a huge part of many peoples lives commonly used through the consumption of coffee in the morning to make people feel more alert or through a stimulation drink commonly drank by teenagers who may need a pick-me-up while studying or throughout school hours. Many people will be able to relate to the post and find the topic interesting on whether they believe caffeine actually works or if the effect is all placebo. I could interview the coffee salesman at the coffee stall in my college how many coffee’s on average they sell a day and why they believe they sell so many.

Tram Train logo

4.

http://www.travelsouthyorkshire.com/tramtrain/

The tram train is something that may potentially affect nearly everybody in Sheffield and people that commonly use Sheffield public transport would want to know more about how the transportation will work and when it will start.

Grammy awards 2016.

sound-radio-script-template

Analysis of own video research

BBC News – A look at the snowy scenes in several US states.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-35392776

The codes and conventions of this clip is there isn’t a news anchor reporting on the situation which makes the story difficult to understand if you know nothing of the event. Without a news reporter, we don’t know how the people affected feel on the situation and don’t know whether the situation is serious or isn’t to be worried about. There also isn’t a voice over so we are only informed by the clips shown and a lack of basic knowledge isn’t there.

There isn’t really a narrative to this short clip as there are no words. Only a collection of short videos are used to show the after math of the snow in the US. Because of only video footage being used it lets the audience truly focus on what has happened and let the audience soak in the footage on what the BBC want you to see.

The strengths of this video is that they use a variety of videos to show soft news  of people enjoying and struggling with the snow and would be suitable to use on other News programs that are aimed at children such as Newsround. Because there is no narrative the video allows people to really focus and pay attention without additional information.

The weaknesses however, is that you could also argue a lack of narrative is a bad thing because we do not know when the snow fall happened or why and how and who it has affected. People watch the news so they can be aware of what is going on and without narrative people have to guess and they want a large amount of information in a short time.

The impact this video will have on the audience is that people can be aware of what is happening in a different part of the world and that it could also affect people in the UK. It allows people to be aware of the weather in the US and can prepare if it will affect the UK

 

In accordance to the Ofcom guideline, what considerations would you have to think about before producing a program to an under 18 audience?]

http://stakeholders.ofcom.org.uk/binaries/broadcast/guidance/831193/section1.pdf

Ofcom Link

http://stakeholders.ofcom.org.uk/binaries/broadcast/guidance/831193/section1.pdf

You would have to consider a few crucial things before producing a program to an under 18 audience. Firstly, you would have to take into consideration when this program would be scheduled for. The program would have to be before the Watershed (9:00pm) as this will prevent the caution of under 18’s being open to viewing shows which involve things unsuitable for younger audiences such as violence, sex, alcohol and drug use. Being shown before this time guarantees that the show will be suitable for a younger audience. The only circumstances there may be stronger content used is in serious circumstances and must be discussed before shown to an adolescent group.

“It is accepted that it is in the public interest that, in certain circumstances, news programmes may show material which is stronger than may be expected prewatershed in other programmes as long as clear information is given in advance so that adults may regulate the viewing of children.”

  • Ofcom

You would also have to consider the viewing of violence, alcohol, drug use and sexual content. In most circumstances these themes are prohibited and are not to be condoned, encouraged or glamourised. Under certain circumstances these themes may be shown if used educationally for example, to show that smoking can cause cancer and that smoking can have serious consequences on your health or if shown violence it is for discipline and it is teaching that violence is wrong.

When children are met with violence and dangerous behavior, it is extremely important to know what is allowed to be viewed by the younger audience. For example, kids are very impressionable and naive and at such an experimental age, they are easily persuaded to try new and possibly, dangerous things not knowing any better. It is extremely important not to show content which may be disturbing or locations which may be dangerous (Example, railway lines) unless told otherwise that children must not play at these sites and must be very cautious able these areas and must be supervised in these locations.

 

 

5.1 1 The UK Radio Industry

Commercial Radio:

Source of income – Selling advertising space. Examples: Capital (National) Hallam F.M (Local) If they don’t sell the advertising space they have, then they have the potential of losing money and becoming bankrupt. It costs a lot of money for a very short period of advertisement time.

Non Commercial Radio:

Example – BBC

Source of income – The licence fee (£140 per year) and is paid by every household per year. Paid to the BBC via the Government. The Government designs the BBC’s Royal charter – BBC’s remit (These are guidelines on what it should be proving to us, the audience) The BBC is supposed to emit to the public a combination of education, entertainment, information and more.

There are many BBC radio stations. These being:

  • Radio One – First aired in 1927 under the terms of the Royal charter
  • Radio One Xtra – First aired in August 2002
  • Radio Two – First aired on September 1967 the same day as radio three’s and four’s air date.
  • Radio Three – First aired on September 1967 the same day as radio two’s and four’s air date.
  • Radio Four – First aired on September 1967 the same day as radio two’s and three’s air date.
  • Radio Four Xtra – First aired on the 15th December 2002.
  • Radio Five Live – First aired on the 28th March 1994
  • Radio Five Live Sports Xtra – First aired on the 2nd of February 2002
  • 6 Music – First aired on 11th 2002
  • Asian Network  – 1976 BBC Radio Leicester show 1988 as The Asian Network
  • Nation and Local Networks

Some examples of commercial radio stations in Britain are:

  • Kiss
  • Planet Rock
  • Radio X

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